BSN to DNP Programs
BSN to DNP programs are designed for nurses who wish to begin a career as an advanced practice nurse (APRN). These programs provide a solid foundation of nursing practice and nursing theory along with teaching research methods.
What a DNP prepared nurse does day-to-day depends on which program they choose. Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) programs are becoming more accessible and available every year. Many schools have integrated MSN and DNP programs so that graduates will earn both degrees on graduation day.
Many BSN to DNP programs are available and some schools even offer dual programs to prepare students for multiple patient populations, which should increase hiring potential. Roles such as Nurse Practitioner, Clinical Nurse Specialist, Nurse Anesthetist, Nurse Midwife, and Clinical Nurse Leader are offered.
Types of BSN to DNP Programs Available
With so many different niche nursing areas to go into, RNs looking to become advanced nurses should seek out the right pathway for them, as many BSN to DNP programs require that you enter a specialty upon applying. The following are some of the main types of BSN to DNP programs available, and the many specialization categories that fall under them:
Nurse Practitioner (NP)
- Adult-Gerontological Acute Care
- Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP)
- Pediatric Acute Care
- Pediatric Primary Care
- Psychiatric Acute Care
- Women's Health
- Dual Role (Family NP/Adult-Gerontological Acute Care) Emergency Specialty
- Dual Role Pediatric/Family Nurse Practitioner (PNP/FNP)
- Dual Adult-Gerontology/Family Nurse Practitioner
Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS)
- Adult Health
- Adult Psychiatric-Mental Health
- Child/Adolescent Psychiatric-Mental Health
Registered Nurse Anesthesia (CRNA)
Certified Nurse Midwifery (CNM)
Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL)
Nurses who have been working in the field and know that they want to enter an advanced nursing specialty can opt for a BSN to DNP program. Not all schools offer all specializations, so it's important for RNs to fully examine their school of choice to ensure that their desired program is available. The following are general prerequisites that apply to most programs:
- Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree from an accredited university
- A score of 500 or better on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE)
- Current, unencumbered nursing license or eligibility for nursing licensure in the school's state
- In-Person interview
- Personal essay
Clinical hours are mandatory for any BSN to DNP program which requires licensure in the desired state of practice. Even if an RN opts for an online program, a clinical practicum is typically required, but can often be arranged in the student's local area. These BSN to DNP specialties involve hands-on patient care, so clinical hours are a great way to give a nurse the direct experience required to handle the role upon graduation.
BSN to DNP specialties which require clinical hours and state licensure are:
- Nurse Practitioner (NP)
- Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS)
- Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)
- Certified Nurse Midwife (CNM)
The amount of clinical hours required varies by the individual program and state requirements. When researching programs, be sure to check with the State Board of Nursing to determine the schools that satisfy this requirement. Accredited schools should have programs which satisfy the clinical hour requirement for state licensure.
Arrangement of clinical hours may rely solely on the student or the school may organize them.
Some schools may require travel in or out-of-state to organized clinical sites.
Finding the right BSN to DNP program involves taking inventory of life and work demands and finding a program which will work with those demands.
Flexible program options are available to meet the needs of busy students. Coursework options to attend school full-time, part-time, in-classroom, and online are available.
All BSN to DNP programs are offered full-time and many are offered part-time. Of these, some programs now offer online core coursework to accommodate the schedules of busy RNs. These online options are a lifesaver for many nurses who have families, work obligations, or who don't live close enough to a school to attend in person.
Below are a few popular universities which offer completely online or partially online options for the BSN to DNP program:
Loyola University New Orleans
New Orleans, Louisiana
Loyola University offers a unique online BSN to DNP program with a Family Nurse Practitioner concentration. The program immerses students in theory and practice that develops diverse nursing skills and healthcare leadership. Other features include:
- Graduates of the program are eligible to sit for the Family Nurse Practitioner certification exam
- 78 credit hours required
University of Arkansas
The University of Arkansas offers a fully online BSN to DNP program with the choice of either a Family Nurse Practitioner or Adult-Geriatric Acute Care Nurse Practitioner concentration. The program is designed to help nurses lead change in healthcare and sustain quality improvement. Other features include:
- 79 credits required
- Program length is three years full-time or five years part-time with 1,035 clinical hours
- Locally arranged clinical practicum hours with qualified preceptors
University of Florida
The University of Florida offers a mostly online BSN to DNP program with specialties such as: Adult-Gerontology Acute Nurse Practitioner, Family Nurse Practitioner, Pediatric Family Care Nurse Practitioner, Pediatric Acute Care Nurse Practitioner, and Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. Other features include:
- 75-78 credits required
- Core courses offered completely online, with some in-person classroom courses required in Gainesville, FL
- Clinical placements arranged in collaboration with students
University of South Alabama
The University of South Alabama offers an online BSN to DNP pathway with concentrations including Adult-Gerontological Acute Care Nurse Practitioner, Clinical Nurse Specialist-Adult Health, Family Nurse Practitioner, Neonatal Nurse Practitioner, Psychiatric (Family) Nurse Practitioner, Women's Health Nurse Practitioner, and more. Other features include:
- 69 to 87 credits required
- Program can be completed in 9 semesters of full-time study or 12 semesters of part-time study
- Students may be required to come to campus once when they begin the clinical portion of their program for intensive classroom and evaluation sessions
How Long Do BSN to DNP Programs Take to Complete?
The total length of a BSN to DNP degree program depends on the state, school, and most importantly, the specialty chosen. With online, in-classroom, full-time, and part-time options available, students can choose the program style which suits their schedule best. General length estimates of popular BSN to DNP programs include:
Nurse Practitioner (NP) and Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS)
BSN to DNP Nurse Practitioner (NP) and Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) programs require 65-75 credits of classwork plus clinical hours. Most full-time programs are 2.5 to 3 years and most part-time programs are 4 years, including clinical hours. Many schools require all coursework be completed within 7 years.
Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)
BSN to DNP Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) programs are about 3 years or 36 months of full time coursework and about 85-95 credit hours. Clinical hours are completed during those 3 years.
Certified Nurse Midwifery (CNM)
BSN to DNP Certified Nurse Midwifery (CNM) programs are about 3 years of full-time coursework and about 80-90 credit hours and clinical hours are completed during those 3 years.
How Much Will Tuition Cost for a BSN to DNP Program?
Similar to the process to obtain a baccalaureate degree, BSN to DNP programs require students to cover the cost of tuition, mandatory fees, and course materials (such as textbooks). Online programs have the advantage of not requiring travel or parking expenses for students. Tuition is based on credit hours and whether the student is applying with resident or non-resident status. The cost varies greatly between schools and states.
Some examples as of 2017 are:
The University of Arkansas charges $409 per credit hour for online classes and $636 to $1042 for in-classroom courses. The program is 79 credit hours, so for 79 online credit hours the total cost for 2016 tuition was $32,311, plus any credit hours where in-classroom courses are required.
The University of Maryland charges $732 (resident) to $1324 (non-resident) per credit hour and the BSN to DNP program is 80 credit hours plus 1080 clinical hours. Therefore, the entire program is $58,560 (resident) or $105,920 (non-resident).
Whether online or classroom-based, the BSN to DNP program will consist of a mix of graduate-level core nursing courses, combined with specialty courses that relate to a nursing concentration. Aside from the academic portion, the program will also require a minimum number of supervised, hands-on clinical hours that can usually be arranged in the student's local area if an online program is chosen. The 4 major specialties for BSN to DNP are:
- Nurse Practitioner (NP)
- Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS)
- Certified Registered Nurse Anesthesia (CRNA)
- Certified Nurse Midwifery (CNM)
To give an idea of courses and curriculum, below are some examples of each:
University of Washington BSN to DNP
The University of Washington offers the following courses as part of its Nurse Practitioner BSN to DNP program:
- NURS 503 Scientific Inquiry in Nursing
- NURS 562 Advanced Health Assessment and Differential Diagnosis
- NURS 563 Advanced Pharmacology Concepts and Practice
- NURS 565 Information Management for Clinical Practice
- NURS 573 Rational Prescribing
- NURS 576 Organizational Systems and Leadership
Johns Hopkins University BSN to DNP
Johns Hopkins offers the following courses as part of its Clinical Nurse Specialist BSN to DNP program:
- Context of Healthcare for Advanced Nursing Practice
- Health Information Systems and Patient Care Technology
- Advanced Health Assessment and Measurement
- Health Promotion and Risk Reduction Across the Lifespan
- Translating Evidence into Practice
Thomas Jefferson University BSN to DNP
Thomas Jefferson offers the following courses as part of its Nurse Anesthetist BSN to DNP program:
- NU 706 Quality Measurement and Outcomes Analysis in Healthcare
- NU 673 Comprehensive Assessment for Clinical Decision-Making
- NU 570 Pathophysiology of Human Disease
- NU 568 Basic Principles of Anesthesia and Advanced Health
- NU 624 Chemistry and Physics Related to Anesthesia
University of Minnesota BSN to DNP
The University of Minnesota offers the following courses as part of its Certified Nurse Midwifery BSN to DNP program:
- Nurs 7200 Economics of Health Care
- Nurs 7202 Moral and Ethical Positions and Actions in Nursing
- Nurs 6305 Women's Reproductive Healthcare
- Nurs 6308 Women's Primary Care Practicum
- Nurs 6210 Midwifery Care of the Childbearing Family
Yes, for any clinical DNP degree that are hands-on with patients. National certification is required for state licensure. There are different credentialing organizations depending on specialization, including the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC).
The Nurse Practitioner Certification Exam:
These exams are offered through the ANCC
- Adult-Gerontology Acute Care NP
- Adult-Gerontology Primary Care NP
- Family NP
- Pediatric Primary Care NP
- Psychiatric-Mental Health NP
- Emergency NP
The Clinical Nurse Specialist Certification Exam:
These exams are offered through the ANCC
- Adult Health CNS
- Adult-Gerontology CNS
- Adult Psychiatric-Mental Health CNS
- Child/Adolescent Psychiatric-Mental Health CNS
- Pediatric CNS
The Certified Registered Nurse Anesthesia Certification Exam:
- Managed by the National Board of Certification and Recertification for Nurse Anesthetists
- National Certification Exam (NCE) is the entry exam for CRNAs
- Computerized exam which is adaptable and therefore varies in length
The Certified Nurse Midwife Certification Exam:
- Managed by the American Midwifery Certification Board (AMCB)
- 175 multiple-choice question exam
- Computerized and proctored by Applied Measurement Professionals (AMP)
- Eligibility includes graduation from an accredited Nurse Midwifery program and an active RN license
DNP prepared nurses enjoy high-level positions in healthcare-oriented settings, typically including:
- Physicians' offices
- Outpatient Centers
Earning an advanced nursing degree leads to careers that have high levels of responsibility, autonomy, and leadership. Luckily, these important roles come with higher paychecks as well. The following are some salary statistics for different DNP roles:
Nurse Practitioners (NP) earn an average of $101,221 with a range of $87,270 - $117,913 nationwide.
Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNS) earn an average of $99,383 with a range of $81,217 - $117,473 nationwide.
Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNA) earn an average of $172,554 with a range of $145,818 - $202,560 nationwide.
Certified Nurse Midwives (CNM) earn an average of $102,132 with a range of $86,416 - $128,165 nationwide.
For all areas of DNP nursing, experience, location, and education affect salary. Many of these roles are filled by MSN prepared nurses making the DNP prepared nurse the nurse with more education, and usually a higher salary.