A parish nurse, also known as a faith community nurse, is a nurse who cares for members of a parish or faith community. They integrate faith and healing to promote wellness within the community they serve.
It is a relatively new specialty of nursing, beginning in the 1980s in Chicago. According to the Health Ministries Association, it was officially recognized as a specialty in 1998 by the American Nurses Association. Scope and standards of practice for faith community nurses were first published at that time as well.
A parish nurse should have a keen sense of community, the desire to help others, and have an unshakeable foundation and knowledge in their spiritual beliefs. As with any nurse, they must demonstrate compassion and patience with the community they serve. Since parish nursing can be emotionally demanding, nurses should be able to adequately handle stress and emotionally draining situations and have a dedicated support system of their own.
Those interested in the specialty of parish nursing should first pursue a nursing degree through a two or four-year university. Obtaining an Associate's Degree in Nursing (ADN) or a Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree is required. Many organizations prefer BSN-educated nurses, as they complete training in community/public health, which is a large component of parish nursing.
After completion of an accredited nursing program, successful completion of the NCLEX-RN is required for licensure.
While certifications/credentials are not required for parish nurses, the American Nurses Credentialing Center offers a registered nurses-board certified (RN-BC) in faith community nursing. Eligibility criteria include:
- Hold a current, active RN license
- Have practiced the equivalent of two years or more as an RN
- Have a minimum of 1,000 hours of practice in parish/faith community nursing in the last three years
- Have completed 30 hours of continuing education in parish/faith community nursing in the last three years
- Fulfill two additional professional development categories such as:
- Academic credits
- Publication or research
- Professional service
Certification is obtained via portfolio/online application and is valid for five years, at which time re-certification is offered.
The Ministry of Church Health also offers courses in the field of parish nursing. Courses include:
- Foundations of Faith Community Nursing
- Entry level knowledge of parish nursing
- Prepares nurses for board certification through ANCC
- Faith Community Nursing Coordinator Course
- Prepares nurses for leadership/management positions
- Also focuses on funding, communications, and documentation
- Educator Course
- Prepares nurses to teach the Foundations of Faith Community Nursing Course
Most parish nurses work in churches, but they can also work in social services agencies and hospitals. Most hospitals have chapels, chaplains, and other spiritual leaders available for patient care needs. Some hospitals are faith-based organizations as well. They can also work independently, providing spiritual guidance and healing to members of their faith community
Parish nurses work similarly to holistic nurses- incorporating mind, body, and spirit to assist members of their community to heal and maintain overall health. Specifically, parish nurses may:
- Provide preventive health screenings
- Visit members of their parish in homes or hospitals
- Counsel parishioners on medical or health issues
- Volunteer in various community service establishments (shelter, soup kitchens, etc.)
- Provide community resources to parishioners
- Educate patients on preventive health/health maintenance
- Lead support groups
Parish nurses take a holistic approach to health and wellness, to include spiritual wellness. Roles and duties include:
- Providing spiritual support to patients when faced with difficult health issues
- Serving as a liaison between patients, the community, and members of the health care team
- Mentoring volunteers and other members of their parish
- Starting up support groups
- Serving as a patient advocate/resource person
- Educating patients on the importance of faith in relation to health and wellness
While there is no published data specifically describing parish nursing, the field of nursing is expected to grow 16% by 2024, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. This is a much faster than average growth, and it is possible that faith community/parish nursing is included.
While there is no published information specifically on parish nurse salary, indeed.com reports the average salary for registered nurses, in general, is $71,081 annually. This figure may vary depending on city and state of employment, any certifications held, and the organization.