Geriatric nurses specialize in the care of older patients and are a crucial part of the healthcare team in helping older adults maintain their mobility, independence, and quality of life. They are trained to anticipate the needs of aging adults and work closely with primary care physicians, attending physicians, social workers, and families to provide individualized care to elderly patients. Geriatric nurses focus on age-related diseases and health concerns, including the following:
- Alzheimer's disease/ dementia
- Chronic pain
- Medication tolerance
- Nutritional deficiency
- Impaired mobility
Geriatric nurses can also address psychosocial issues. Older adults may have impaired mobility that can result in feelings of loneliness, depression, and isolation. Mental health is as significant in geriatric patients as physical health. Additionally, abuse (physical, psychological, and financial) and neglect are a concern among the elderly. In fact, an estimated 4 million older adults experience abuse and neglect, according to the American Psychological Association, and geriatric nurses can work as advocates for them and provide them the resources they need.
Those considering a position as a geriatric nurse should have experience and interest in caring for an aging population. These patients present a unique set of challenges and require a unique set of skills to address them. A nurse willing to act as an advocate, resource, and liaison is an added benefit.
What are the Education Requirements for a Geriatric Nurse?
Nursing students can begin their careers in geriatric nursing by completing courses in nursing programs. Many nursing schools have geriatric nursing modules that are incorporated into the program. Nursing students can also perform clinical rotations in healthcare facilities that specialize in geriatric nursing, such as skilled nursing facilities or geriatric-centered hospital units.
Any Certifications or Credentials Needed?
Practicing Registered Nurses can obtain certification in geriatric nursing. RNs must complete an examination for certification, which lasts five years. The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) offers certification for nurses who:
- Currently hold an RN license
- Have two years of full-time RN experience (or equivalent)
- Have a minimum of 2,000 hours of clinical practice in the specialty of geriatric nursing within the last three years
- Have completed 30 hours of continuing education in geriatric nursing in the last three years
Geriatric nurses can work in a variety of healthcare settings such as:
- Skilled nursing facilities
- Nursing homes
- Retirement centers
- Memory care centers
- Outpatient ambulatory care clinics
- In-home care/ Home health
- Clinical educators in healthcare facilities, universities, and community colleges
- Case management (BSN-prepared RNs)
Geriatric nurses are trained to anticipate the needs of an aging patient population, and possess the skills needed to act on their behalf.
What Are the Roles & Duties of a Geriatric Nurse?
The roles and duties of a geriatric nurse may include:
- Patient education
- Medication management
- Liaison between patients, family, and care providers
- Maintaining functional mobility
- Maintaining psychosocial health
- Bedside nursing care of geriatric patients
While the field of nursing is rewarding in and of itself, specializing in geriatric nursing can be especially rewarding. In the United States, Baby Boomers are growing older and often account for more healthcare visits than younger Americans. This means the demand for geriatric nurses is increasing. The median salary for a geriatric nurse is $66,169 annually. However, salaries can vary depending on the state and city, years of experience, employer or facility, and degree and certifications held.